Read Dick, W., Carey, L. & Carey, J (2005) ‘Introduction to instructional design’, in The systematic design of instruction, 6th edn, Harper Collins, New York, pp. 1-13. Dick and Carey On your blog answer one or more of the following questions:
How do you define a ‘ systems approach’ to instructional design?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of adopting a systems approach to instructional design?
Q1: I define a systems based approach to instructional design as a strategy for planning a unit of work that incorporates all criteria in order for successful objective outcomes. Dick and Carey write “It is a procedural system where all components work together in order for the user to produce effective instruction” (2005, p.3). As seen in my very basic mind map in e-tivity 3.1 my planning MUST include whole school targets, stage targets, individual student learning targets, incorporate their strengths and weaknesses, and still allow for all learners to achieve. It must also contain a component to reflect and revise.
Q2: Strengths of a systems approach to design is that it would maximise learning outcomes due to the explicit design process being built upon identified prior knowledge. An analysis is generally performed first to identify what the students already know and then instruction is scaffolded incrementally to allow for maximum knowledge building. ISD also underlines the critical nature of constantly evaluating the design processes to correct and improve whole system efficiency.
A weak link is the possibilities that students will fall behind due to a number of reasons and then jump ahead to catch up therefore creating gaps in final learning outcomes. Effective and inclusive ISD design has to allow for human contexts and equity issues.
Note: I did originally create a Thinglink for this post but this is a free WordPress blog so I couldn’t activate the widget 😦 Either way if your wondering what a Thinglink is go to this link: e-tivty 3.2 Thinglink
A neat short video about some of the limitations with the Dick and Carey model compared to the Morrison, Ross and Kemp model that is more suited to my pedagogy.